The 2023 South Dakota legislative session is coming to a close.
Monday, March 6, was the last day for bills to pass both houses.
The 38-day legislative session will officially conclude March 27, which is reserved for gubernatorial vetoes.
We thank you for following our legislative updates. Please feel free to be in touch with us anytime of the year about the issues that are important to your rural community.
Energy and environment
House Bill (HB) 1228 – Oppose: Introduced by Rep. Scott Moore, the bill would revise Public Utilities Commission (PUC) permit procedures for energy conversion and transmission facilities. If enacted, the bill would extend the deadline for the PUC to provide decisions on permit applications from 12 to 24 months and would allow any party to request a deadline extension for commission action. These changes have the potential to create extensive delays in the clean energy permitting process.
HB 1228 was heard in the House Commerce and Energy committee on Feb. 15. The Public Utilities Commission and numerous utility companies testified in opposition, citing concern about the way the bill could negatively impact the energy permitting process, in particular for much-needed transmission projects. Ultimately the bill was sent to the 41st day (killed) on a vote of 10-3.
HB 1029 – Oppose: Brought at the request of the Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, the bill would revise certain provisions in the county zoning and appeals process. The bill makes several amendments to the current statute, including changing the requirement for approval of a conditional use request from an affirmative vote by the majority of the committee members, to an affirmative vote by the majority of the committee members who are present and voting. While intended to speed up the permitting process, this change could allow commissioners to sit out important votes or for a small number of individuals to make significant decisions.
HB 1029 was heard in the House Agriculture and Natural Resources committee on Jan. 19. During the discussion, multiple legislators expressed concern over the change from a majority vote to a majority who are present and voting. It narrowly passed with a vote of 7-6. It was heard in the House on Jan. 23 and passed with a split vote of 40-30. On Feb. 21, the bill passed the Senate Agriculture and Natural Resources committee on a vote of 4-3. It was heard on the Senate floor on Feb. 23 and narrowly passed with a vote of 18-17. It now awaits the governor’s signature.
HB 1089 – Support: Introduced by Rep. James Wangsness, HB 1089 would require notice and compensation prior to entry upon private land for the purpose of examination and survey. HB 1098 relates to eminent domain and statutes governing energy conversion and transmission facilities that require a siting permit. Current law states after having filed a siting permit with the Public Utilities Commission, anyone seeking to conduct a survey or examination must give the owner or tenant 30 days written notice and make a payment to the owner. The amendment adds this notice must also include the anticipated date of entry and the name and contact information of the person who will be entering the property. It also specifies a compensation amount of $500.
HB 1089 was heard in the House State Affairs committee on Feb. 6. During testimony, it was noted that the statute amended in this bill was currently the subject of numerous lawsuits and there was hesitation to engage legislatively while that process was taking place. Ultimately the bill was sent to the 41st day (killed) on a vote of 9-3.
Economic and community development
HB 1212 – Support: This bill, introduced by Rep. Mills, appropriates $100 million in funds for the support of county projects and residents. Half would come from American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA) funds, and half would come from the state’s general fund. Counties would be allowed to disburse these funds for capital projects such as infrastructure, housing, jails, rehab facilities, or other repairs and improvements. Funds could also be disbursed to county residents with incomes at or below 300% of the federal poverty guidelines.
HB 1212 was heard in the House State Affairs committee on Feb. 13. The Center submitted written comments in support. Rep. Mills noted in testimony that the state has in excess of $100 million in unspent ARPA funds, and this bill would allow those funds to touch every corner of the state. The Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources testified as an opponent of the bill, citing concern over a lack of state oversight on how the funds would be used. Ultimately, the bill was sent to the 41st day (killed) on a vote of 8-4.
HB 1075 – Support: This bill, introduced by Rep. Mary Fitzgerald, lowers the state sales and use tax rate on food from 4.5% to 0%. While South Dakota’s food tax has long been debated, in 2022 Gov. Kristi Noem included repealing the state’s food tax as a central component of her re-election campaign. Two similar bills have also been introduced. HB 1095 and 1096 would lower the food tax to 2.5% or 3.5%, respectively. These bills will likely come into play should HB 1075 fail.
HB 1075 was heard in the House Taxation Committee on Jan. 26, which voted to refer it to the House Committee on Appropriations, which heard the bill on Feb. 21. The Center submitted written comments in support.
Gov. Kristi Noem and Lieutenant Gov. Larry Rhoden, the Bureau of Finance and Management, and others appeared in front of the committee to testify in favor of the bill. Opponents included the South Dakota Retailers Association, the South Dakota Municipal League, and the Rosebud Sioux and Cheyenne River Sioux Tribes. The Bureau of Finance and Management emphasized the state's good financial status, noting that revenues have been $146 million higher in the first six months than was projected. It was also noted the bill would not impede municipalities from continuing to implement their own food sales tax. Opponents cited longer-term concerns about the financial impact of the loss of the food sales tax. Ultimately, the bill was sent to the 41st day on a vote of 8-1. An attempt was made to revive the bill on the House floor using joint rule 7-7, but it failed. On March 6, senators voted to “hoghouse” (significantly amend) another bill, HB 1094, to revive the effort to repeal the grocery tax. It passed the Senate on a narrow vote of 18-17. On March 7, it was heard on the House floor but failed to pass on a vote of 55-14.
Senate Bill (SB) 41 – Support: This bill, brought by Sen. Casey Crabtree, establishes a program for housing infrastructure loans and grants. The bill appropriates $150 million, including $50 million from American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA) funds, toward housing infrastructure loans and grants. These funds will be administered through the South Dakota Housing Development Authority. Thirty percent of the funding will be directed toward municipalities having a population of 50,000 or more, and 70% of funds will go to all other areas of the state.
SB 41 was heard on Jan. 12 in the Senate Commerce and Energy Committee and passed 8-1. It passed the Senate on Jan. 13 with a vote of 29-2. The House State Affairs committee passed the bill 12-1 on Jan 18, and the bill went to the House floor on Jan. 19. Several legislators brought amendments to the bill that were debated, and the bill was ultimately deferred to another day. On Jan. 23, the bill was heard again and several new amendments were debated. Ultimately, it passed the House with a vote of 54-16 and was signed by the governor on Feb. 1.
SB 76 – Support: This bill, introduced by Rep. Jim Stalzer, provides for licensure by endorsement for certain professionals and occupations. The purpose of this bill is to recognize out-of-state licenses for an expanded list of occupations, including EMTs, teachers and other educational professionals, water and wastewater operators, and commercial pesticide applicators. This would make it easier for individuals with licensed occupations to become employed in the state.
SB 76 will be heard in the Senate Commerce and Energy committee on Feb. 7 and passed 8-0. It was heard on the Senate floor on Feb. 13 and passed 33-1. On Feb. 22, it passed 12-1 in the House Commerce and Energy committee, and passed the House floor 62-6 on Feb. 23. It was signed by the governor March 2.