A map of potential routes from Clean Line, the developers of the project. A more detailed map is available here.
Clean Line states that the purpose of the Plains & Eastern Clean Line is to make possible more than $14 billion of new renewable energy projects in Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas; projects which otherwise could not be built due to limitations of the existing electric grid. The transmission development will also result in more than 2 million homes in Arkansas and Tennessee being powered by renewable energy.
In addition, the project aims to create thousands of temporary and permanent jobs, reduce harmful emissions, and allow for better use of other natural resources. As a result, the line will help secure and diversify the country's energy supply.
Click here to learn more about this project.
The Plains & Eastern Clean Line will cover an 800 mile area, originally planned to deliver 7,000 megawatts--now switched to 3,500 megawatts--of renewable energy from the Oklahoma and Texas Panhandles. Clean Line Energy is currently working to forge an agreement with the Tennessee Valley Authority. There are tentative plans to extend the line to Shelby County, an area just outside of Memphis, TN, where the line will tie into the Tennessee Valley Authority system.
Though an exact route has yet to be chosen, Clean Line has expressed a desire to parallel lines already in place. An alternative option being considered focuses on following existing natural gas pipelines, appealing because landowners will experience minimal additional interference if these corridors are re-utilized. The ideal route will avoid homes and residences while minimizing any impact on historical, environmental, or strongly agricultural areas. Click here for a graphic showing the general route planned.
The project began in May 2009. Public outreach, regulatory approval, as well as permitting and siting will take place between 2009 and 2013. Clean Line expects to have a draft environmental impact study in 2014, with the approval process expected to wrap up later that year. If approval is given, construction is expected to begin in 2016, with an in-service goal of 2018.
The first round of open house meetings took place in October of 2012, designed to allow residents to ask questions and learn more about the project. The meetings were held in ten communities near a number of potential routes that have been developed over the past two years in cooperation with a host of community leaders, landowners, conservation organizations, and various government agencies. The proposed routes also consider engineering and environmental data that has been gathered over the past two years. Clean Line discussed potential routing options and solicited feedback from community members in attendance. Public input gathered at these meetings will inform the final proposal.
In December 2017 it was announced that TVA would not form a purchase agreement with Clean Line for the project. Clean Line also sold part of the project's assets in Oklahoma to NextEra energy resources at the end of 2017.
In May 2010, Clean Line submitted an application for a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity to the Arkansas Public Service Commission. In early 2015, Tennessee regulators approved a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity to Clean Line, allowing them to operate the line as public utility in the state.
And in June 2010, Clean Line also submitted an application to the Oklahoma Corporation Commission (OCC), in order to conduct business in Oklahoma as a public utility. On June 30th 2011, an Administrative Law Judge for the Oklahoma Corporation Commission recommended that Clean Line's Plains & Eastern transmission project be granted utility status within the state of Oklahoma. The judge's order can be viewed here. Utility status was granted in October of 2011.
On June 29th 2012 Clean Line applied to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to negotiate the rates charged to customers who use this line to transport energy. The application was approved in September of 2012. FERC approval allows Clean Line to begin selling capacity to either wind producers in the Oklahoma Panhandle or other utilities throughout the Southeast. Significantly, approval allows Clean Line to sell 75% of the 7,000 MW capacity to customers at either end of the project, leaving the remaining 25% to the "open-season" process. FERC recently approved a similar application for another Clean Line project, Rock Island.
Pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act, Clean Line will also need to obtain a Department of Energy Environmental Impact Statement before construction begins. This process, which is expected to last 18-24 months, will also require a series of public meetings led by the Department of Energy (DOE). A total of 12 meetings will take place throughout Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Tennessee during January and February of 2013. In December of 2012 DOE published a "notice of intent" to prepare the EIS. This process will analyzed proposed routes and cooperate with other federal agencies to assess the project's impact on the surrounding environment. In the Spring of 2016, DOE approved the project.
Finally, significant concerns surrounding each Clean Line project have been raised as regulators struggle to understand how introducing a high capacity HVDC line into the greater electric grid will impact reliability. These concerns were allayed, however, as the Southwest Power Pool's Transmission Working Group passed a motion accepting that the Plains & Eastern Clean Line reliability studies completed to date have met the coordinated planning requirements. This line, along with the Grain Belt Express Clean Line project, will now be submitted to SPP for inclusion in ITP 20 futures study.
Clean Line will hold a number of informational meetings and open houses to provide stakeholders with updates on the line, answer questions about the project, and gather comments and concerns regarding new transmission developments. As of September 2012, the company has met with more than 1,800 people in the project area. In addition, Clean Line has also held meetings with local officials and community leaders in more than 30 counties throughout Oklahoma, Arkansas and Tennessee. Each meeting provides ample opportunity to both learn and ask questions. Clean Line also encouraged landowners to place a sticker next to residences or other significant landmarks along proposed routes, and opened offices in some communities to answer landowner questions and provide information.
Some landowners in Arkansas have noted concerns over the possibility of Clean Line receiving eminent domain powers in the state, as well as possible health impacts and effects on property values. The Pope County Quorum Court passed a resolution in early January 2015, voicing their opposition to the project. They noted that they were concerned about the natural landscape and property values in the county.
Many business leaders and other stakeholders welcome the more than 10,000 temporary jobs and 1,000 permanent jobs this project will bring. These jobs will be tied to the operation and maintenance of both wind farms and transmission lines. Locally, Clean Line makes it a point to give businesses and contractors from nearby communities a chance to participate in the project. When possible, Clean Line is committed to using local labor, local services, and local contractors on each project. For example, approximately 1/4th of the project cost will be spent in Arkansas, hiring local firms and purchasing materials from local suppliers. States such as Arkansas will also benefit dramatically from property taxes paid annually to each individual county. The city council of Dover, Arkansas tabled a resolution to opposed the Plains and Eastern project, hoping for more information and time to review that information.
Transmission lines typically draw the ire of wildlife and conservation groups. Here, Clean Line has made a deliberate effort to reach out to environmentally-minded organizations and lessen any impact on sensitive habitat this project might have. By signing an agreement with Oklahoma conservation officials, Clean Line has agreed to protect the habitat of the lesser prairie chicken during the development of this project. Clean Line will work with the Oklahoma Department of Conservation to minimize and offset any habitat impacts when the company selects sites for a wind farm and transmission development. The lesser prairie chicken is a candidate for federal listing as a threatened or endangered species. Some landowners note that they are starting to see the return of some species like wild turkeys, and they are concerned about the project potentially impacting their migration patterns.
The Department of Energy (DOE) completed a Scoping Summary Report in the summer of 2013, using community feedback and concerns about the project from landowners or residents along the study corridor. This report will be used when DOE drafts an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the project. Once the draft is submitted, the public will have 45 days to comment. The draft EIS was released in December 2014, with public meetings likely to follow in early 2015. During hearings on the draft EIS, the most common concern was property rights and the use of eminent domain. In November 2015, DOE released its final EIS for the project, noting that it would like to participate in the project and that proposed environmental protection measures for the project should avoid or mitigate any potential harm. In 2018, DOE terminated its partnership with Clean Line for the Plains and Eastern project.
Two members of Congress representing Tennessee sent a letter to the Tennessee Valley Authority concerning the project. They voiced concerns about costs to ratepayers, reliability, and the use of eminent domain to acquire easements for the line. In January 2015, the Arkansas congressional delegation sent a letter to Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz requesting more time for comments to be submitted on the project. Several county boards along with the Cherokee Nation have passed resolutions requesting that federal eminent domain authority be denied to Clean Line.
Clean Energy Potential:
The Plains & Eastern Clean Line will enable $6 billion in new renewable energy project throughout the region by bringing 3,500 megawatts of new clean energy onto the grid. The CO2 savings from this project is equivalent to removing two million cars from the roads. The expected location of new wind farms will range from Northern Texas, through the Oklahoma Panhandle, into Southern Kansas. Although the Oklahoma Panhandle has significant potential for wind energy, there is currently not a lot of development because of limitations in the region's transmission infrastructure.
Importantly, the line will bring low-cost renewable energy to a region of the United States which was previously without cost effective renewable options. Arkansas and Tennessee both stand to benefit from an influx of clean, low-cost power. High-voltage direct current (HVDC) technology will be used, opposed to the traditional alternating current (AC) lines, in order to maximize both efficiency and reliability.
In the summer of 2013, Clean Line submitted a request for information to Oklahoma wind generators to estimate their need for capacity, so that they can have data on what generation can be expected by the various utilities that could be survived by the line. The project has the potential to service 15 different companies, with wind projects that can generate 16 GW of power.
In 2014, Clean Line sought and acquired an 11 year tax abatement from the city of Memphis and Shelby County in Tennessee. Despite the abatement, the Plains & Eastern project is expected to generate nearly $5 million in property tax revenue, and total tax revenue of $36.2 million. It would also create 16 permanent jobs in the area, with an average salary over $50,000 per year. The line will also support local industry, as it acquires parts and materials locally. One example is a factory in Kentucky that would provide some cable for the project, amounting to a possible $100 million contract.
Clean Line also claims that there could be a sizeable investment--up to $500 million dollars--in the state of Arkansas. One state representative noted that this figure may lack cost considerations that would make it lower. A company that would supply Clean Line with glass insulators announced plans to build a new facility in Arkansas that would create over 70 jobs in the state.
The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) has announced plans to retire more than 3,000 megawatts worth of coal generation. The Plains and Eastern line would connect to the TVA in Memphis, and they have cited the project as increasing TVA's ability to integrate renewable energy generation.
Clean Line has recently confirmed plans to transmit power from natural gas-powered electrical sources over this line, in addition to wind.
Ambitious Clean Line Energy 'wrapping up' February 1, 2019
DOE terminates partnership with Clean Line Energy Partners March 26, 2018
Clean Line Energy transmission line plan terminated March 24, 2018
Arkansas lawmakers in DC look to stop power-line plan January 24, 2018
Environmentalists blast TVA for killing major wind project December 31, 2017
DOE considers controversial power project opposed by lawmakers October 18, 2017
Winds of Change June 3, 2017
Wind project could bring cheaper power to TVA April 26, 2017
Governor's signature gives landowners hope April 21, 2017
Roland supports Plains & Eastern Clean Line project April 1, 2017
Alexander urges TVA to avoid Clean Line wind generation March 24, 2017
Clean Line wants expedited hearing February 11, 2017
Clean Line power project on list of infrastructure priorities January 26, 2017
TVA power line decision would deliver clean power December 17, 2017
Clean Line partners with GE November 8, 2016
GE Energy Connections selected as provider for Clean Line project November 2, 2016
Huge Transmission Line Will Send Oklahoma Wind Power to Tennessee November 2, 2016
Clean Line, GE to Partner on Transmission Project November 1, 2016
Largest clean energy project underway in NW Okla. October 6, 2016
Arkansas, Oklahoma governors discuss wind energy project October 3, 2016
Alternative energy lacking connections, conference told September 27, 2016
Wind a growing force in Oklahoma energy September 19, 2016
Oklahoma is 4th in nation in installed wind energy capacity September 19, 2016
TVA urged to sign pact to buy Oklahoma wind at record low prices September 2, 2016
Oklahoma on-pace to become No. 3 wind energy producing state August 26, 2016
Power line foes sue U.S. agency August 17, 2016
Federal Lawsuit Challenges Clean Line Transmission Project August 16, 2016
Opponents sue to block Clean Line project August 16, 2016
Landowners hear Clean Line update July 29, 2016
Bill to block transmission-line project advances June 15, 2016
PSC director to speak at Republican meeting May 10, 2016
Wind Power Wiggles Through Midwest Transmission Roadblocks April 11, 2016
Clean Line Energy project could bring jobs to Claremore March 31, 2016
$2.5 billion wind energy project blows closer to Memphis March 31, 2016
Energy Department approves Clean Line project March 27, 2016
Energy Department backs power line from Plains to Southeast March 25, 2016
Clean Line Project Gets DOE Approval, Delegation Objects March 25, 2016
Fight to Keep Alternative Energy Local Stymies an Industry March 23, 2016
Tapping the Power of the Great Plains to Light Up Faraway Cities February 9, 2016
Claremore Company Helps Bring Wind Power to Tennessee February 4, 2016
Tallahassee Signs Up For Wind From Plains & Eastern Clean Line January 27, 2016
Florida city to buy wind power from Clean Line transmission project January 25, 2016
Wind energy project to bring money to counties January 3, 2016
Wind transmission proposal stands to benefit Oklahoma, workers December 21, 2015
Construction could start in 2017 on wind transmission line December 19, 2015
6 in D.C. question electrical line plan December 11, 2015
Delegation meets with energy secretary on Clean Line project December 10, 2015
Arkansas Puts Hold On Wind Energy Transmission Line December 3, 2015
Report: Clean Line transmission project would boost state economy November 17, 2015
Clean Line's Plains & Eastern takes 'big step' November 5, 2015
Clean Line Energy Says Eminent Domain Would Be 'Last Resort' October 30, 2015
Power-line bill gets D.C. hearing October 29, 2015
DOE third-party partnership for Arkasnas project raises eyebrows September 17, 2015
Arkansas delegation objects to transmission line project September 15, 2015
Arkansas Congressional delegation pushes back against Clean Line project September 15, 2015
Plains and Eastern Clean Line plans 720-mile run through Oklahoma September 13, 2015
Clean Line wind energy line in Memphis gets closer to reality September 2, 2015
Transmission line to bring ad valorem to county August 29, 2015
Clean Line Considers Changes for Planned $2B Transmission Line August 24, 2015
Wind Power Needs its Own Railroads August 24, 2015
Firm considers changes for planned $2B transmission line August 24, 2015
Wind Energy Is Having A Railroad Moment August 21, 2015
Clean Line coming to MissCo July 13, 2015
Commissioners pen letter to DOE July8, 2015
Plains & Eastern Tx Line Foes Cry Foul over DOE Review June 29, 2015
Commissioners hear update on Clean Line June 24, 2015
The messy Clean Line issue June 18, 2015
Van Buren Council OKs Funding For Field Of Dreams Cleanup June 18, 2015
Agency extends power-line comment period June 12, 2015
Lamar Alexander blasts Clean Line wind line June 12, 2015
Dozens of Jobs Coming to West Memphis in 2016 June 8, 2015
TVA defends its use of renewable power May 20, 2015
Senators question TVA's wind power ideas May 18, 2015
Clean Line Input Requested May 3, 2015
Dover council formally opposes Clean Line April 24, 2015
County could benefit from wind energy transmission line April 18, 2015
Cleanline claims area will benefit from project April 10, 2015
TVA may import wind power from Texas, Oklahoma April 6, 2015
Senate OKs call against cross-state power line March 28, 2015
Clean Line announces expected payments March 27, 2015
Vian will oppose power lines March 25, 2015
Proposed wind farm in Elm Springs raises questions, concerns March 23, 2015
Alliance votes no on Clean Line March 23, 2015
More questions raised about energy project March 2, 2015
Wind Energy Coming to West Tennessee February 26, 2015
Oklahoma lawmakers seek more regulations on wind industry February 26, 2015
Clean Line electric project drawing opposition in Arkansas February 23, 2015
Wind Power Transmission Project Could Create Tens of Thousands of Jobs February 23, 2015
Alliance considers Clean Line February 23, 2015
Crowd vocal at wind-power line hearing February 20, 2015
Clean Line Energy Transmission Line Public Comment Period Coming To End February 18, 2015
Power-line hearings enter final week February 18, 2015
Public weighs in on Clean Line February 18, 2015
DOE Extends Public Comment Period On Clean Line Project February 14, 2015
Oklahoma energy briefs: Plugging in, Feb. 13 February 13, 2015
How to Review an Environmental Impact Statement February 12, 2015
Power Line Prompts Property-Rights Legislation February 12, 2015
Energy talks: Transmission line may cut through Payne County February 12, 2015
Officals call Clean Line project 'questionable' February 12, 2015
Energy company hopes to use local land for power line system February 5, 2015
Opinions clash at power line hearing February 3, 2015
Public Meetings Scheduled for Plains & Eastern Clean Line February 2, 2015
New Transmission Lines To Carry Oklahoma Wind Energy To Tennessee February 2, 2015
Public hearing Monday on power lines February 1, 2015
Clean Line opponents, supporters face off January 30, 2015
Phillips supports transmission line project January 28, 2015
Concerns voiced at meeting January 28, 2015
JPs to consider which way the wind blows on power line project January 27, 2015
Crawford County Adopts Resolution Against Clean Line Energy Project January 26, 2015
Wind energy project long time coming, long ways to go January 24, 2015
Local residents gather to 'Block Clean Line' January 15, 2015
TRA approves Clean Line Energy to bring wind power to TVA January 15, 2015
Plains & Eastern Clean Line Gets Regulatory Approval in Tennessee January 14, 2015
Tennessee clears 3.5GW wind link January 14, 2015
$2B wind power projects gets state approval January 13, 2015
JPs oppose power transmission line January 9, 2015
Officials: Risks from Arkansas power line unlikely December 27, 2014
Residents discuss Clean Line December 17, 2014
Clean Line wind transmission project clears one environmental milestone December 16, 2014
U.S. Department of Energy Releases Draft EIS on Transmission Line December 16, 2014
Federal Impact Statement On Clean Line Released December 16, 2014
Clean Line proposal draws protest December 10, 2014
Will Georgia Power add more wind energy to its mix? December 5, 2014
Clean Line gives status November 21, 2014
Activists oppose powerline project November 18, 2014
Clean Line dismisses DG threat October 21, 2014
Building wind power superhighways October 5, 2014
Investments in clean energy pay off September 15, 2014
Power Play September 13, 2014
Clean Line receives key approval August 22, 2014
Clean Line Plains & Eastern Gets Regulatory Approval August 21, 2014
Interstate wind transmission project gets key federal approval August 20, 2014
TVA's power shift spurs debate over wind, gas August 12, 2014
Clean Line sees 2015 DOE role July 28, 2014
Residents react to Clean Line project July 15, 2014
Wind energy seen as key commodity in Oklahoma July 10, 2014
Clean Line wind transmission project projected for 2018 June 19, 2014
Power line reps to answer questions June 15, 2014
Line to unlock 3.5 GW wind June 12, 2014
Plains and Eastern Clean Line conducts office hours June 4, 2014
Power Line Company Meets with Affected Homeowners May 21, 2014
Lawmakers cautious on Clean Line May 20, 2014
Clean Line prepares to meet the public May 16, 2014
Clean Line Energy Opens Local Offices Next Week May 14, 2014
Dover seeks information on planned power line May 12, 2014
Informational meeting at Belfonte School April 28, 2014
Wind Power's Big Empty Space Down South March 3, 2014
Wind Energy Project Receives Tax Freeze February 22, 2014
Clean Line Energy To Meet with Local Cos. February 19, 2014
Wind power project approved by Memphis economic development panel February 19, 2014
Energy Company to Invest $260 Million in Shelby County February 18, 2014
Wind energy company looks to expand in Millington February 18, 2014
Coal plant shutdowns create market for wind power project November 15, 2013
Wind power generation growing, but transmission lags September 1, 2013
Clean Line 'Overwhelmed' By Wind Developer Response to RFI August 14, 2013
Clean Line Energy coming through Sequoyah County July 10, 2013
DOE report on transmission line available July 4, 2013
Cedarville sets meeting January 9, 2013
Clean Line would bring wind power to Tennessee January 4, 2013
Fate of wind energy tax credit up in the air January 2, 2013
Wind farm power line may go through Clay November 27, 2012
Proposed Clean Line transmission projects moving forward in SPP region November 20, 2012
Public meetings for clean energy power lines in Arkansas November 15, 2012
Clean Line Energy to hold informational open houses November 6, 2012
Clean Line Energy meets with Oklahoma landowners October 17, 2012
Region part of power line plan October 15, 2012
Woodward area farmers cautious about energy plan October 10, 2012
Clean Line Energy plans Oklahoma open houses on transmission project October 10, 2012
Clean Line sets up series of meetings October 3, 2012
Company proposes jobs in clean power October 1, 2012
Open house meetings slated for landowners September 29, 2012
Feds give initial nod to company's plans to bring wind power to Mid-South September 16, 2012
Federal energy panel OKs wind power line project in Oklahoma September 13, 2012
Key approval for 3.5GW US wind transmission line plan September 11, 2012
FERC gives nod to Clean Line HVDC project September 11, 2012
Oklahoma's wind power development strategy September 4, 2012
Energy company seeking construction firms August 10, 2012
Clean Line looking for transmission line contractor bids August 5, 2012
Power line job opportunities outlined July 30, 2012
Clean Line files for FERC approval July 2, 2012
Plains and Eastern Clean Line seeks federal approval June 30, 2012
Major power line may cross county March 21, 2012
Wind credit boosts jobs at low cost March 11, 2012
Wind energy creates good jobs and clean jobs in Southeast February 28, 2012
Wind-powered energy line could go through Faulkner County February 22, 2012
The sooner wind energy comes to the Southeast January 21, 2012
Murphy challenges Rotarians to be great January 3, 2012
Oklahoma shows it has energy in 2011 December 30, 2011
Edmond's Pelco primed for growthPelco primed for growth December 9, 2011
Clean Line still building support for power line projects December 9, 2011
The choice between clean energy and fossil fuels November 24, 2011
Wind power project to benefit Arkansas, supporters say November 20, 2011
Wind power important to city's future November 13, 2011
Becoming a Clean Line utility one state at a time November 10, 2011
TVA considers using wind power November 6, 2011
Clean Line proposal an exciting gust for wind power industry November 4, 2011
Clean Line Energy plans to install cables in Arkansas November 1, 2011
Oklahoma first to OK Clean Line 800 mile wind transmission line October 29, 2011
Hope for landowners to earn wind farm income October 27, 2011
Clean Line signs agreement with Tennessee Valley Authority October 26, 2011
Clean Line Energy is working off the grid October 7, 2011
Bringing power to the windless September 23, 2011
Guymon working to attract wind power companies July 18, 2011
Clean Line Project Gets Favorable Ruling In Oklahoma July 11, 2011
Clean Line Energy signs agreement June 14, 2011
Wind energy lines to be made in Arkansas March 24, 2011
Energy company looks to generate, transmit electricity to Tennessee November 18, 2010
Wind Energy Transmission Line Proposed in Oklahoma June 24, 2010
We all know that clean energy transmission is vitally important to our energy future. It brings economic opportunity to rural areas, enables wind development and improves the reliability of your grid. But to build it properly - to create projects that work best for you and your community - requires your knowledge and participation. That's why we've created this database.
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