A map of the study corridor for the project. Detailed and state-specific maps can be found here.
The Grain Belt Express transmission line will be developed by Clean Line Energy in order to increase rural economic development, creating both construction and operation jobs, as well as significantly decreasing pollutants by millions of tons.
The project will develop transmission infrastructure that will make possible billions of dollars of investments in new renewable energy projects, which couldn't otherwise be constructed because of limitations in the existing grid. Stronger transmission links between regions will help build a more reliable electric grid, and low-cost renewable energy will mean lower prices for customers and businesses.
This direct current line will offer a lower carbon footprint than the traditional alternating current variety, boosting efficiency and requiring smaller easements.
Click here for a video that further explains this project.
The proposed line will be developed to deliver 3,500 megawatts of renewable energy from western Kansas to southeastern Missouri; continuing on into Illinois, Indiana, and areas that have a high demand for reliable, clean energy.
The path will run through the north central portion of Kansas. The western converter station would be constructed near Spearville, while the eastern converter is proposed for St. Francois County, which is south of St. Louis. The line will span 550 miles, with about 300 of those miles in Kansas. From there the line will continue into Illinois and Indiana, linking to a new substation in Sullivan, IN. The line will then link to distribution systems serving cities in the PJM territory.
Clean Line hosted public outreach meetings throughout Kansas and Missouri from 2013 to 2016. In early November 2013, the Kansas Corporation Commission approved the preferred route for the project, but gave Clean Line five years to acquire approval in other states.
In Missouri, Clean Line proposed its preferred route in March 2014, but the project was not approved by the the state's Public Service Commission until 2019. Clean line also filed with the Illinois Commerce Commission (ICC) in April 2015 and the project was approved the same year. In 2018, the Illinois Supreme Court overturned the decision and sent the project back to the ICC.
Construction of the line was expected to take place as early as 2016, and the in-service was planned for 2018. The new estimated in-service date is 2023 or 2024. To learn more about the construction process, click here.
Clean Line submitted an application for a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity (CPCN) to the Kansas Corporation Commission (KCC) in March 2011. This will enable Clean Line to be a public utility, and subject to additional approvals, to site, construct, own, operate, and maintain bulk electric transmission facilities throughout Kansas. Approval was granted in December 2011. The project received approval from the KCC in 2013. In Illinois, developers must receive a CPCN from the ICC.
The Missouri Public Service Commission (PSC) requires applicants to obtain a CPCN and declare the commencement of actual construction activities. The Army Corps of Engineers will examine river crossings for the line to ensure that the line will not damage any levees or protected areas. The Missouri PSC also announced in early 2015 that Clean Line would need to obtain a letter of assent from the commissioners of the eight counties the line would pass through. In March 2015, staff for the Missouri PSC recommended that the commission not approve certificates for the project. The Missouri PSC denied approval for the project in July 2015. Clean Line reapplied in 2017, with the PSC ruling that the project would have to acquire local assent from counties before beginning construction. The developers have challenged this decision in the courts, with the Eastern District Court of Appeals ruling in 2018 that the PSC had erred in their ruling, and forwarding the case to the Missouri Supreme Court. The Missouri Supreme Court ruled in July 2018 that the PSC committed an error in rejecting the project based on the precedent of acquiring assent from every county along the proposed route. The PSC approved the project in 2019.
A small portion of this line will enter Sullivan County, Indiana. Because of this Clean Line will also have to apply to the Indiana Regulatory Commission to become an Indiana utility. Clean Line filed for public utility status in November of 2012, and was approved by the Indiana Regulatory Commission. Clean line must also file in Illinois with the ICC before they can begin construction.
In May 2011, Clean Line held invitation-only community leader roundtable meetings, and public meetings will be held later this year. Throughout various open house gatherings, Clean Line has also made considerable effort to engage landowners and seek feedback on all proposed routes.
Clean Line is also making a point to work closely with the community. Following a model similar to that used in developing the Rock Island project, Clean Line is inviting local businesses and community leaders to sessions designed with the explicit purpose of helping communities learn more about the project. These meetings are not required by statute, unlike those held in conjunction with regulators. In many cases this allows local businesses to learn about a potential role for their operation during project development, helping Clean Line achieve the goal of using as many local parts and services as practicable. It's estimated that the project could create as many as 2,340 jobs.
Working with communities and landowners in Missouri, Clean Line has adopted suggested alterations to the line to help refine the project route, as well as bypass several residences.
Clean Line held a round of these meetings in Kansas in January and February of 2013, inviting thousands of landowners that were in the planning corridor for the line. An estimated 2,200 people attended the meetings, according to Clean Line. Some of the primary concerns expressed by landowners at the meetings were the amount of property tax revenue that would come from the project, and the impact that the line would have on land--both for agricultural operations and wildlife habitats. Currently, similar meetings are beginning to occur in Missouri, and are planned for Illinois.
For those directly impacted, concerns remain. Many desire pertinent information such as the expected size of the towers used, the required distance from homes and other structures, whether potential health risks will be highlighted, and whether landowners will be subject to eminent domain. Other concerns revolve around the amount and structure of landowner payments, the effect that the line will have on the price of land, the damage that may be done to county roads, and if the transmission line will remove certified organic and other statuses from land. Some are also concerned about the 10 year tax abatement that the project receives according to state law, but the developer has noted that when the abatement ends the project will generate a large amount of revenue. Some opposition groups have formed to protest the Grain Belt line, similar to efforts organized in opposition to Clean Line's Rock Island project.
Westar Energy asked to intervene in the case, expressing that they were not opposed, but simply wanted to make sure that the line is built in such a way that it will decrease the likelihood of outages for customers. Marshall County, KS filed to intervene in the project as well, and discussed filing for discovery on the cost of burying the line and what would happen if this direct current project were to take out an alternating current line. Commissioners noted that opposition within the county and limited support was the reason for filing the intervention, mentioning health concerns and questions of economic welfare. Some opposed landowners want their local counties to file injunctions on their behalf, but this is not an option for county commissioners.
Instead, they offer to send letters voicing particular concerns while different regulatory bodies examine the project. Some county boards, like the one representing Shelby county, acknowledge that projects like this one are one of only two ways that counties can raise money. The board remains neutral, due to hearing opposition from county landowners. The Board of the Missouri Farm Bureau voted to act as an intervener in the project in April 2014, also stating their opposition to the project, noting their concerns over eminent domain usage.
The owner of an oil company located in Kansas has also voiced concerns over the project, claiming it would essentially end some of his production leases because of the route. The County Commissioners of Caldwell County in Missouri sent a letter to regulators, noting that they have not approved of the project, and urging the Public Service Commission to not approve the project. Other county commissioners in Missouri have voiced support for the line, based on the compensation that landowners would receive for easements.
A group called CLEANR has formed to oppose the project, and support litigation against Clean Line or the Kansas Corporation Commission. The Kansas Farm Bureau authored a piece asking for siting of the line to be limited to section lines, appropriate damage restoration, annual payments to landowners, and several other concerns and suggestions they had for the project.
Clean Line has put forward a memorandum of understanding with two Illinois counties, informing them of their intentions and of payments that Clean Line would offer. They are currently proposing a voluntary $7,000 annual per mile payment to Illinois counties, as many do not have a tax on transmission lines. The agreement would go into effect when the line is officially in-service, and last for 20 years after that date, unless amended. Clean Line has also said that if the county levies taxes that will require additional payments, they will still provide a voluntary payment to the county, but that their total contribution to the county would still total $7,000--paying whatever the tax requirement, and then a voluntary payment on top of this, all of it totalling $7,000. If taxes exceed $7,000, Clean Line would make no voluntary payment to the county on top of the taxed amount.
A group called Coal Free Mizzou is collecting signatures for a letter of support that they intend to send to the Missouri Public Service Commission. They hope to collect 1,000 signatures by the end of March, showing the PSC that they value the project for it's potential to start moving Missouri away from coal-generated electricity. The Missouri chapter of the Sierra Club has also voiced support for the project. The city council of Columbia, MO has noted that the renewable energy provided by the project could help them meet the energy mandate set for the city.
A Missouri real-estate agent notes that according to an article published in the Journal of Real Estate Literature, the presence of transmission lines does not have a significant effect on property values. "The Effects of Electric Transmission Lines on Property Values" examines several different cases ranging from 1964 to 2009, finding that drops ranged from 2-9%, and that values often returned to normal over time.
Clean Energy Potential:
The Grain Belt Express will connect some of the best wind resources in the country to regions that have a greater demand for power, thus enabling more than 3,500 megawatts of new wind energy projects to be built. Many wind farms in Kansas will be constructed as a result of this endeavor, with an estimated 2,000 new turbines being built because of the project. While new projects capable of connecting to this line have been proposed, projects already in the development phase are now being sold for a significant profit to companies working to capitalize on this opportunity. The line would also provide enough energy to Missouri to power 200,000 homes.
Clean Line is sending a request for information to Kansas wind farms to determine what the demand for capacity is like in the state. Similar requests have been sent to other states and will help Clean Line identify potential generators that will require their services. Wind energy developers in western Kansas have replied to this request, estimating that projects they hope to build would total 13.5 gW in wind energy capacity for the area that would be served by the Grain Belt Express project.
Clean Line estimates that over $7 billion of new wind projects will be needed to meet the demand created by this project. The line will reduce carbon dioxide emissions by over 12 million tons each year, which is equivalent to removing more than 1.7 million cars from the road. As a result of the project, Missouri made it in the top 10 rankings for states with the cleanest energy job creation. About 78 permanent jobs would be created in Missouri as part of the project, involving industries that will construct materials used in infrastructure projects. In 2016, Clean Line signed an agreement with the Missouri Joint Municipal Electric Utility Commission to provide up to 200 MW on transmission space on the project to replace coal generation currently being purchased by the commission. The Missouri Chamber of Commerce also voiced support for the project in 2016, citing the need for the state to have access to wind energy. The governor of Missouri also endorsed the project, noting positive changes to the project.
Ralls Co. Commissioner supports "Grain Belt Bill" April 10, 2019
Property rights, energy debated in Missouri House April 4, 2019
Missouri PSC approves Grain Belt request for certification March 28, 2019
Missouri regulators approve Midwest wind energy power line March 20, 2019
Ambitious Clean Line Energy 'wrapping up' February 1, 2019
Conservation Groups Fight for Grain Belt Express Line December 20, 2018
Grain Belt Express hearings conclude with no decision December 19, 2018
Invenergy acquires Grain Belt Express transmission project November 14, 2018
Invenergy to buy Grain Belt Express transmission line project November 14, 2018
Grain Belt opponents have more setbacks August 21, 2018
Missouri Supreme Court prepares to hear Grain Belt case March 28, 2018
Grain Belt Express project halted by the courts March 22, 2018
US Wind Industry Frets as Major Transmission Lines Stall March 9, 2018
Grain Belt Express transmission project heads to Missouri Supreme Court February 28, 2018
Missouri court revives proposed Midwestern wind power line February 27, 2018
Grain Belt transmission line developers claim legal victory February 27, 2018
Transmission: Impossible? Logistics, bureaucracy choke wind power plan February 11, 2018
Former Missouri governor takes on transmission developer's legal challenge September 19, 2017
After permit denial, Grain Belt Express asks for rehearing August 30, 2017
The rejected Grain Belt Express isn't dead yet August 23, 2017
Missouri rejects Grain Belt Express transmission project--again August 18, 2017
Halted project would create over 1,500 jobs in Illinois August 16, 2017
Missouri regulators reject massive Midwest wind power line August 16, 2017
Renew Missouri's Statement on the Grain Belt Express Decision August 16, 2017
Missouri Blocks Grain Belt Express for a Second Time August 16, 2017
Missouri Regulators Reject Grain Belt Express Clean Line August 16, 2017
Is the Clean Line project doomed? June 29, 2017
Decision on Grain Belt may be indefinitely stalled June 17, 2017
What's up with Clean Line May 18, 2017
The fate of the Grain Belt Express now in commission's hands March 29, 2017
MCA tackles eminent domain March 27, 2017
Wind energy contract breezes by BPW Board, City Council March 23, 2017
Wind energy firm trying again for OK of cross-country line March 20, 2017
Grain Belt opponents argue their case in court March 1, 2017
Randolph County commissioners rescind Grain Belt support letter February 28, 2017
Hannibal BPW commits to wind energy February 9, 2017
Analysis: Grain Belt case exposes disparity January 28, 2017
Key Groups To Missouri Regulators: Approve The Grain Belt Express! January 27, 2017
Grain Belt Express gets support from unlikely sources January 25, 2017
Grain Belt project gains support January 25, 2017
Commissioners hear both sides on Clean Line January 18, 2017
Concerns Continue with Grain Belt Express Proposal January 18, 2017
Missouri hearings held on Grain Belt Express power line December 23, 2016
Grain Belt Express Hearings Draw Big Opposition December 20, 2016
Grain Belt hearing draws both sides December 15, 2016
Public Hearing on Grain Belt Express Underway December 13, 2016
Grain Belt elicits huge dissent December 13, 2016
Grain Belt hearing brings concerns, hopes to light December 9, 2016
PSC to hold rain Belt public hearing in Moberly Thursday night December 7, 2016
Utility outlines stance ahead of hearings December 4, 2016
Grain Belt touts local benefits before public hearings December 1, 2016
PSC finalizes format for Grain Belt hearings November 30, 2016
Grain Belt playing offense as local hearings loom November 29, 2016
BPW awaiting chance to buy Grain Belt power November 25, 2016
Hobbs: 'I oppose Grain Belt 100 percent' November 11, 2016
Mo. courts, not regulators, may decide fate of 2 big projects November 9, 2016
PSC sets Grain Belt public hearing schedule October 31, 2016
PSC sets Grain Belt hearing schedule October 20, 2016
Clean Line closing in on final order with PSC October 17, 2016
Grain Belt files third application for wind-power project September 3, 2016
PSC sets deadline in Grain Belt case September 1, 2016
Centralia joins cities participating in Clean Line August 30, 2016
Grain Belt transmission line wins partial waiver in Missouri August 17, 2016
Nixon touts Grainbelt Express Clean Line July 7, 2016
Fight continues against power transmission line June 30, 2016
Governor Backs Controversial Wind Project June 30, 2016
Nixon backs Missouri power line for wind energy June 29, 2016
Nixon backs cross-state transmission line June 29, 2016
Wind power transmission line supporters to try again June 27, 2016
Wind Power In Midwest Supporters To Try Again June 26, 2016
Wind power transmission line supporters to try again June 25, 2016
Landowners reunite for 2nd round of blocking Grain Belt June 25, 2016
Local landowners fighting Grain Belt Express project June 24, 2016
Wind power project prepares for second round June 21, 2016
Chamber endorses Clean Line project June 20, 2016
Grain Belt Express Opposition Gears Up For Round Two June 14, 2016
Utility group joins controversial transmission line June 4, 2016
Wind Power Wiggles Through Midwest Transmission Roadblocks April 11, 2016
State eminent domain bill again referred to committee April 5, 2016
Hannibal BPW following charter, general manager say March 5, 2016
Hannibal BPW stalling talks for now with Clean Line Energy February 22, 2016
Hannibal City Council hears Clean Line's power proposal February 3, 2016
Transmitting Wind Power To Customers Is A Quixotic Challenge January 26, 2016
McCarter opposes eminent domain in wind energy project January 24, 2016
Power Line Regulations Kink Wind Power Growth January 19, 2016
Clean-Power Transmission Line could Hit a Roadblock January 15, 2016
Hannibal City Council to hear alternative energy plan January 14, 2016
Illinois Grain Belt Express opponents not stopping yet January 1, 2016
Opposition hopes to get Grain Belt Express off track January 1, 2016
Regulators deny appeal of part of 4-state transmission line December 24, 2015
State regulators reject appeal of Grain Belt Express approval December 23, 2015
State won't reconsider transmission line approval December 23, 2015
Massive electric transmission line could get another look December 22, 2015
Group wants ICC to re-think power line approval December 22, 2015
Illinois landowners challenge Grain Belt Express approval December 21, 2015
Grain Belt Express awaiting Missouri's approval December 13, 2015
One Step Closer to Delivering Kansas Wind Power to the East December 4, 2015
ICC Approves Grain Belt Express Transmission Line November 16, 2015
Grain Belt wind power project gets green light in Illinois November 16, 2015
Despite state OK, power-line opponents vow fight November 16, 2015
Grain Belt Express Passes ICC November 13, 2015
Illinois approves Grain Belt Express transmission line November 13, 2015
ICC approves Grain Belt Express powerline route November 12, 2015
Administrative law judge recommended Grain Belt Express approval October 16, 2015
Clean Line Energy meets with skeptics in Stewardson September 29, 2015
Clean Line Energy to host update meetings September 22, 2015
Clean Line Energy To Host Meetings For Landowners September 21, 2015
Wind power project misses appeal deadline September 16, 2015
Clean Line Plans Update Meetings on Project September 15, 2015
Clean Line Energy Partners hosting meetings about Grain Belt Express September 14, 2015
Deadline passed for appeal to build Grain Belt Express in Missouri September 14, 2015
Illinois may decide on Grain Belt Express in November August 25, 2015
Wind Power Needs its Own Railroads August 24, 2015
Massive transmission line awaits state decision August 22, 2015
Wind Energy Is Having A Railroad Moment August 21, 2015
Illinois Commerce Commission reviews Grain Belt Express August 20, 2015
Mo. PSC Rejects Clean Line Appeal For Grain Belt Express August 20, 2015
Texas company asks Missouri to rethink power line rejection August 2, 2015
ICC hears from residents on Grain Belt Express project July 31, 2015
Residents fill ICC hearing on Grain Belt Express July 30, 2015
ICC to hold public forum on Grain Belt Express proposal July 29, 2015
Landowners Oppose 'Grain Belt Express' Energy Lines July 29, 2015
Missouri PSC votes down Clean Line application July 9, 2015
PSC rejects Clean Line utility project July 1, 2015
Missouri blocks Grain Belt Express wind project July 1, 2015
Grain Belt supporters make late push for project June 28, 2015
Clean Line Taps PAR To Help Build Grain Belt Express June 26, 2015
PSC talks lean toward Grain Belt rejection June 3, 2015
State regulators split on wind energy line June 3, 2015
Clean Line receives pocket approval from legislature May 18, 2015
Clean Line Energy maps out details May 13, 2015
Electric line supporters state their case May 11, 2015
Central Illinois Group Fights Wind Power Line May 8, 2015
Public input sought on Clean Line path May 6, 2015
Power-line developer outlines proposed landowner payments April 28, 2015
Power Play: Landowner Rights vs. Eminent Domain April 23, 2015
Coalition changes tactics in clean energy effort April 23, 2015
Clean Line Energy announces Grain Belt Express route April 13, 2015
Grain Belt Express developers submit plans to Illinois April 13, 2015
Needs exceed limit of project April 4, 2015
Open solicitation shows demand for GBE Clean Line April 3, 2015
Clean Line receives 20GW in applications March 31, 2015
US wind developers flock to access new HVDC line March 30, 2015
Pike County Farm Bureau opposes power line March 24, 2015
Grain Belt Express receives unprecendented 'second chance' March 23, 2015
County backs away from supporting Grain Belt March 23, 2015
Developer readies routes for major transmission line March 20, 2015
County postpones Grain Belt decision March 20, 2015
Grain Belt Clean Line Project Given Pre-Emptive Blow March 18, 2015
Landowners learn steps to stop energy line March 17, 2015
Grain Belt project gets thumbs down from PSC staff March 13, 2015
Landowners wary of energy line proposal March 13, 2015
Regulatory staff recommends denying Grain Belt project March 11, 2015
Ameren, others prepare grid for wind energy March 8, 2015
Transmission line backers explain project March 6, 2015
Grain Belt Express meeting wraps up in Pittsfield March 6, 2015
Grain Belt Express set for next phase March 5, 2015
Grain Belt Express Hosts Public Meeting March 5, 2015
Electricity transmission line plan on schedule March 4, 2015
Clean Line Energy submits proposed route for power line March 2, 2015
Residents Hear Details of Transmission Line Proposal March 2, 2015
Power transmission line opponents rally March 1, 2015
Final public meetings set for electric transmission line February 23, 2015
State seeks more Grain Belt data February 19, 2015
Grain Belt Express meeting in Pittsfield February 5, 2015
Grain Belt Express Hosts Public Meeting February 5, 2015
Residents air concerns about Grain Belt Express February 3, 2015
Clark Co. gets a look a proposed power line February 2, 2015
Company Hoping to Bring Low-Cost Energy to IL and IN February 2, 2015
Landowners to get pitch for wind-power superhighway January 30, 2015
Route for massive transmission line being firmed January 28, 2015
Grain Belt Plans Early Meeting In Raymond Feb. 3 January 26, 2015
Shelby County Residents Say "No" to New Transmission Line January 24, 2015
Opposition Group to Clean Line Energy Partners Emerges January 23, 2015
Clean Line solicits 3.5GW capacity for Grain Belt Express January 21, 2015
Open houses set on Grain Belt Express January 16, 2015